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Traditional Wedding Anniversary Stones

YEARSTONE 1stPeridot 2ndRed Garnet 3rdJade, Pearl 4thBlue Zircon, Topaz, Amethyst 5thPink Tourmaline, Sapphire 6thTurquoise, Amethyst 7thYellow Sapphire 8thTanzanite, Tourmaline 9thAmethyst, Lapis, Tiger's Eye 10thBlue Sapphire 11thCitrine, Turquoise 12thOpal, Jade 13thMoonstone, Citrine 14thAgate, Opal 15thRhodolite Garnet, Ruby 16thRed Spinel, Peridot, Aquamarine 17thCarnelian 18thAquamarine, Opal 19thGarnet, Topaz, Aquamarine 20thYellow Diamond, Emerald 25thTsavorite Garnet 30thPearl 35thEmerald, Coral 40thRuby 45thCat's Eye, Alexandrite, Sapphire 50thGolden…

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Is Citrine a Yellow Topaz?

Is Citrine a Yellow Topaz?

The yellow topaz and citrine are often confused, and even misidentified by amateur gem enthusiasts.  Although these two gemstones share the coveted spot as November’s birthstone, they are different gems. Each gemstone has different origins that derive from a completely different crystal system,  where they inherit different molecular, optical and physical properties.   Yellow citrine is a quartz crystal that is formed out of silicon dioxide. Topaz is a fluoro-silicate of aluminum.

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Birth of a Pearl

Birth of a Pearl

Pearls are the only gems on earth that form inside a living creature.  Both saltwater and freshwater pearls form inside mollusks –  such as oysters, clams, mussels and abalone.  A pearl forms when an irritant (like a parasite, or a tiny piece of coral) lodges itself within a mollusk’s mantle tissue. It gets so deep inside the shell the mollusk cannot expel it. 

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Ernie Seifert

Ernie Seifert

Ernie Seifert ( née Horst Ernst Seifert Jr;  May 1938 - March 2020) was a German trained artist goldsmith from Ontario,  Canada.  Born in Germany, Ernie learned the goldsmith trade in his father's workshop, located in south central Germany.  He received his gemological training in Idar-Oberstein, a small town 80 miles west of Frankfurt and a global centre for gemstone…

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